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Because the Algonquian people living on both sides of the Iroquois corridor are of a different culture and linguistic stock, it appears likely that the Iroquois migrated into this area at some time.No evidence has been found to indicate where they came from, however.The Iroquois Confederacy, an association of six linguistically related tribes in the northeastern woodlands, was a sophisticated society of some 5,500 people when the first white explorers encountered it at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Despite their common culture and language, relations among the Five Tribes deteriorated to a state of near-constant warfare in ancient times.
The infighting, in turn, made them vulnerable to attacks from the surrounding Algonquian tribes.
One likely interpretation of the origin of the name is the theory that it comes from the Algonquian word "Irinakhoiw," which the French spelled with the -ois suffix.
The French spelling roughly translates into "real adders" and would be consistent with the tendency of European cultures to take and use derogatory terms from enemy nations to identify various Native groups.
Finally, he encountered a violent, cannibalistic Onondagan.
According to legend, Deganawidah watched through a hole in the roof while the man prepared to cook his latest victim.
On the banks of Onondaga Lake, sometime between 13, Deganawidah established the Iroquois Confederacy, a league of nations that shared a positive code of values and lived in mutual harmony.
Out of respect, the Iroquois refer to him as the Peacemaker.
During that period, the Iroquois began to acquire European trade goods through raids on other Indian tribes.
They found the metal axes, knives, hoes, and kettles far superior to their implements of stone, bone, shell, and wood.