Analysis And Problem Solving

Analysis And Problem Solving-12
Well-defined problems have a clear starting and ending point, such as how to make it bright in a room that's currently dark.You know exactly what you're starting with and exactly how you wanna end up.

Well-defined problems have a clear starting and ending point, such as how to make it bright in a room that's currently dark.You know exactly what you're starting with and exactly how you wanna end up.

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If you're planning a trip to another country then, the biggest problem might be the distance between you and that country, so your first step would be to book a plane ticket.

And that creates another group of subproblems, which you solve one at a time, usually starting with the biggest one. Now, with means-end analysis, we were trying to work from our current state toward our goal state.

Insight is tricky, it's hard to predict, and harder to encourage, particularly when you're fixated on seeing a problem from the same ineffective perspective.

If you do get stuck on a problem, you can let it incubate, or just sit in your mind while you're not really thinking about it. It's like when you're trying to think of the name of that actor in a movie you saw, but it only comes to you later that night after you thought you stopped thinking about it.

A heuristic is a mental shortcut that allows us to find a solution more quickly than the other two methods we've talked about so far.

For example, you probably made a password out of familiar number combinations, so you might try something that includes your birthday or something else that stands out in your mind.Another example of it is if you've ever done a maze and started at the end and worked your way backwards toward the beginning. What if I gave you these six matches and asked you to use them to draw four equilateral triangles? If you had trouble solving that problem, you're not alone.Most people get stuck on thinking about this problem in a two-dimensional way. The answer, though, requires you to think about the problem in three dimensions.With working backwards however, you start with your goal state and use it to suggest connections back to your current state.This strategy is commonly used in mathematical proofs.You know that the password is eight numbers long, but you don't remember what it is.If you're using the trial and error method of problem-solving, then you would just try any random combination of letters and numbers until something works.As you can probably tell, that approach would take forever.And with trial and error, you're not necessarily keeping track of what you've already done, so you could get lucky and hit on the right password early, or it could take a very, very long time.Ill-defined problems, on the other hand, have a more ambiguous starting and or ending point, such as how to live a happy life.It's something you can still try to solve, but you may not know exactly what the outcome will look like.

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