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Finally we consider how internal institutional data, such as researcher curricula vitae and grant applications, can be used to identify and incentivize social engagement and outward-facing scholarly activities (that is, activities with outward-facing goals).We consider both the value of existing institutional data and how modest changes to data-collection systems might dramatically improve their value for capabilities-inspired incentives or program evaluation.
These kinds of metrics are less appropriate for many scholarly fields, and miss the specific social concerns or needs that researchers aim to address.
In this paper, drawing on ideas from ethics and development economics, we develop a conceptual framework for characterizing the social goals of research.
We suggest that many studies of boards can best be interpreted as joint statements about both the director-selection process and the effect of board composition on board actions and firm performance. "The Role of Boards of Directors in Corporate Governance: A Conceptual Framework and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. Bulletin on Retirement and Disability Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates' Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication Restrictions Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health Digest — Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month Reporter — News about the Bureau and its activities.
Acknowledgments Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, Bib Te X Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14486 Published: Renee B.
Next we introduce the Capabilities Approach, a conceptual framework for human well-being developed by ethicists and economists over the last 40 years.
Essays About Kubla Kahn - Conceptual Research Paper
This Approach focuses on basic human needs, rather than wealth, and we draw specifically on a list of central human capabilities developed by philosopher Martha Nussbaum.In Science, the Endless Frontier, Vannevar Bush argued for the creation of the US National Science Foundation — an institution dedicated to funding “basic” rather than “applied” scientific research — on the grounds that “new scientific knowledge” was essential to treat disease and mental illness, protect national security, and promote “the public welfare” more generally (Bush, 1945–1960, pp. Today, discussions of the social impact of research often focus on the economic impacts of that research (Narin et al., 1997; Toole, 2012; Fealing and Johnson, 2017; Li et al., 2017).But the interests of society go well beyond an interest in wealth generation (Bozeman and Sarewitz, 2005).It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] bibliographic data and text mining methods can be used in a capabilities-inspired portfolio analysis, and modest changes to existing data collection systems—for tenure and promotion, or research funding applications—could support the development of even richer capabilities-inspired metrics and incentive systems.Among researchers, university administrators, and science policymakers, there is widespread interest in understanding and measuring the social impact of research and other scholarly activities.Your access to the NCBI website at gov has been temporarily blocked due to a possible misuse/abuse situation involving your site.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.Scholarly research can be understood as a social practice — that is, a complex, collaborative, goal-oriented, socially organized activity (Hicks and Stapleford, 2016).Many fields of research have both inward-facing and outward-facing goals.