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Following in the footsteps of many other Victorian naturalists, Wallace began his studies abroad, first leaving Britain in 1848 aboard the bound for the Amazon Basin in the hopes of gathering evidence for the ‘transformation of species by natural selection’ amongst the very varied insect species found there.
He continued his scientific work in parallel, editing papers for numerous colleagues in addition to publishing his own work.
He also travelled internationally giving lectures on his studies and building upon his now incredibly comprehensive biological collections.
Wallace was in his time a celebrated and highly decorated British naturalist, anthropologist, biologist, explorer and geographer, best known for his independent development of the theory of evolution by natural selection and his many significant contributions to the field of evolutionary biogeography.
Unlike his wealthy colleagues, Wallace was born in 1823 to a poor family in the small Welsh village of Llanbadoc and so was sent out to work from a young age rather than receiving a formal education.
The theory of evolution by natural selection is undoubtedly one of science’s most famous theories; there are not many people alive today who have not heard of it or of its’ supposed founding father, the great Charles Darwin.
Contributions To The Theory Of Natural Selection A Series Of Essays By Alfred Russel Wallace
However, he was not alone in his development of this famous theory; in fact the first ever publication on the theory of evolution by natural selection: , was co-authored by Darwin and another great natural historian: Alfred Russel Wallace.His place of birth was Kensington Cottage, which stands just across the Usk River from the town of Usk in southeastern Wales.The Wallaces, who were not Welsh, had been forced to move to Kensington as a measure of economy after Alfred's father squandered most of his inheritance on a series of poor business decisions.Amongst the many honours he was given, most notably he was made of fellow of the Royal Society in 1893 and awarded the Order of Merit in 1908.The British naturalist, biogeographer, author, humanitarian, Alfred Russel Wallace (Jan. 7, 1913) is best known for developing a theory of evolution through natural selection independently of Charles Darwin.But, in fact, Alfred left home at such an early age that as an old man he said he knew few specifics about even his more recent ancestors.One of his typically speculative comments on this topic (My Life, 1905, vol. 5) was that on his mother's side "the family were not improbably French refugees after the massacre of St.But both were fanatical beetle collectors, and together they scoured Leicestershire for specimens.In 1848, after reading about the adventures of famous naturalist travelers such as Alexander von Humboldt and Charles Darwin, they embarked for Brazil in hopes of a collection bonanza.Upon his return to Britain in 1862, Wallace became heavily involved in social activism, countering the popular ideas of the time such as eugenics and land control by the wealthy elite.He also lent his support to women’s suffrage, demilitarisation and modern economic theory.