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By involvement he was not referring to emotional entanglements. By belief he did not mean a significant inner faith or a deep belief in something or someone. Other criticisms with social control theory in general say that they fail to be effective in explaining adult criminal behavior and serious instances of youth crime. On the other hand, this serves as an area for criticism because critics want to know how involvement would explain white collar crime, since they are engaged in work. Belief is the existence of a common value system within the society, in other words a person is more likely to conform to social norms when he/she believes in them (Hirschi 1969).
In social disorganized areas, strain occurs because legitimate avenues for success are closed.
Merton’s strain theory begins with the observation that wealth is a widespread American goal, but society does not provide everyone sufficient opportunity to obtain or achieve their goal.
Involvement, according to Hirschi would keep a person’s time occupied so they would not be able to indulge in criminal activities.
Someone that’s involved in work, activities or other positive things would not have time to commit deviant acts.
Illustrate your discussion with reference to age and crime.
With the rise in mass media, the reporting of crime and deviance has become commonplace.These theories all explain deviance in terms of the individual’s social relationships (Orcutt 2010). Sutherland asserts that the excess of definitions favorable to deviance over definitions unfavorable to violation of law makes a person become a deviant while associating with other persons. "Criticisms of the General Theory of Crime." Yahoo. A large body of criminological research inspired by social control theory has focused on how variations in the strength of individuals’ bonds to family, community, school, and other conventional groups and institutions relate to patterns of self-reported and officially recorded deviant behavior.Social control theory has origins in the early works of the moral and utilitarian philosophers, the nineteenth-century writings of Émile Durkheim, and the early twentieth-century research of the Chicago School of sociology (Morris 1975).A person don’t want to lose all he/she has worked all their life to obtain, whether it’s a good reputation, valuable education, good relationship with family etc.A person will have a substantial lose by violating laws.Attachment refers to the extent to which a person is attached to others.The more attached an individual becomes to others the less likely he/she will become delinquent.It is now counted among the leading sociological perspectives on crime and juvenile delinquency, largely because of the influence of Travis Hirschi's formulation and evaluation of control theory.Rather than focusing on an individual’s personality as a source of criminality, he focused on social relationships which he termed social bonds.