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The psychoanalytical theory considers the literary text as ‘Artist Symptoms’ in which both author and text established a relationship, which is synonymous with a relationship between dreams and dreamers.Later, the post-Freudian psychoanalytic theorists re-molded the approach called ‘Reader-response criticism’.
A renowned Australian psychoanalyst, famous for his great deal of research on Psychoanalytic criticism, published an essay Freud’s theory to some extent was able to bridge literary work and dreams. Many critics, who agree with Freud’s theory, believe that whether you have read Freud’s philosophy or not, everyone is Freudians in one way or other.
We all somehow come across or referred to the terms like unconscious desires, ego, sexual repression, ego, and libido.
Hebert Marcuse further developed this idea and showed his consistent interest in the literary studies related to repression and its effects and linked it with sexuality.
Repression as a psychoanalytic exploration of Freud does not exclude human excruciating experiences, drives, agonies, and fears.
He merged the structural linguistics with dynamic phenomena of desire.
Under the influence of this archetypical criticism, psychoanalytic impetus considered compatible with uncertainties of subjectivity and time.
The connection between literary criticism and psychoanalysis mainly concerned with sexuality and its articulation in language.
It focuses on three main phases to pursue literary criticism including the author (his or her subjectivity), text and reader.
On the other hand, CG Jung contested the Freud’s approach, leading an archetypal criticism.
According to archetype definition, the main focus of literary criticism is not the readers or writers personal psychology.