Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine, and Centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law, Mc Gill University, Montreal, QC, Canada Abstract: The debate on legalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide has a broad range of participants including physicians, scholars in ethics and health law, politicians, and the general public.It is conflictual, and despite its importance, participants are often poorly informed or confused.
Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine, and Centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law, Mc Gill University, Montreal, QC, Canada Abstract: The debate on legalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide has a broad range of participants including physicians, scholars in ethics and health law, politicians, and the general public.Tags: Essay Teaching EnglishMedical Case Studies For The ParamedicValdosta State University Application EssayHandbag Business PlanBusiness Plan For Marketing CompanyResearch Paper On Black Holes
The sense in which physicians encounter it today, as a request for the active and intentional hastening of a patient’s demise, is a modern phenomenon; the first sample sentence given by the Oxford English Dictionary to illustrate the use of the verb is dated 1975.
The notion of inducing, causing, or delivering a (good) death, so thoroughly ensconced in our contemporary, so-called “progressive values” cultural ethos, is a new reality. ” The causes go well beyond responding to the suffering person who seeks euthanasia, are broad and varied, and result from major institutional and societal changes. We recommend the one used by the Canadian Senate in its 1995 report: “The deliberate act undertaken by one person with the intention of ending the life of another person in order to relieve that person’s suffering.” Terms such as active and passive euthanasia should be banished from our vocabulary.
As our discussion of “slippery slopes” later explains, jurisdictions that start by restricting legalized euthanasia to its voluntary form find that it expands into the involuntary procedure, whether through legalizing the latter or because of abuse of the permitted procedure.
In the Netherlands, Belgium, and Lichtenstein, physicians are legally authorized, subject to certain conditions, to administer euthanasia.
Originally, euthanasia meant the condition of a good, gentle, and easy death.
Later, it took on aspects of performativity; that is, helping someone die gently.
(We will use the word euthanasia to include PAS except where we state otherwise or it is clear we are dealing with the issues separately).
We define euthanasia and assisted suicide, reveal common misconceptions in this regard, and expose euphemisms that, regrettably, often serve to confuse and deceive.
An action either is or is not euthanasia, and these qualifying adjectives only serve to confuse.
When a patient has given informed consent to a lethal injection, the term “voluntary euthanasia” is often used; when they have not done so, it is characterized as “involuntary euthanasia”.