William Samuel Johnson of Connecticut, whose copy of the document is included in the collection, chaired the committee in charge of drafting the address; friends warned him, however, that "Your Address to the States will (I fear) prove like Water spilled upon the Ground and have no Influence to awake us from our Stupor." Eventually, after much revision and argument, Congress decided not to send any address at all.Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress lacked the authority to regulate commerce, making it unable to protect or standardize trade between foreign nations and the various states.In anticipation of the crisis, he voiced the need to "devise means for procuring a full representation in Congress." The displayed report, produced by a committee appointed to address the problem, does little more than agree with Wilson; Congress lacked the authority to do much more.
A quorum of nine states had to be present for Congress to ratify the treaty, yet throughout December, scarcely that number was present.
Weeks passed, the treaty sat, and Congress remained unable to act upon it.
James Madison wrote an excellent essay on this subject a month (April 1787) before the Constitutional Convention of 1787. Constitution: A Reader, ISBN 978–091630836–0, that is filled with essays and original source documents about the origin and interpretation of the US Constitution. James Madison’s essay formed the philosophical basis of the Virginia Plan, which he wrote, along with other delegates from Virginia, and introduced to the Constitutional Convention soon after it convened.
He called it, “The Vices of the Political System of the United States.” I urge anyone who is interested in this question to look it up and read it. It’s an excellent resource for anyone who is interested in the subject. James Madison’s essay is one of the selections in the book. Many of the features from the Virginia Plan ended up as part of the US Constitution.
In 1784, Congress requested that the states grant it limited power over commerce for a period of fifteen years, but many of the states did not comply.
In 1785, twenty-seven-year-old delegate James Monroe again stressed the need for increased congressional power over commerce.Recognizing the need to improve the government, Congress tried to strengthen the Articles, but problems persisted.In November 1783, American diplomats sent Congress the final version of the Treaty of Paris, which formally ended America's war with Great Britain.The loose that it created reflected the founders' reaction to the central authority of King George III.The government gave most powers to the states, and the central government consisted only of a legislature.Congress appointed a committee, chaired by Monroe, to investigate the problem.On February 16, 1785, the committee recommended amending the Articles of Confederation so that Congress would have power over commerce.With the passage of time, weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation became apparent; Congress commanded little respect and no support from state governments anxious to maintain their power.Congress could not raise funds, regulate trade, or conduct foreign policy without the voluntary agreement of the states..pass_color_to_child_links a.u-inline.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-relative.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-inline.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.web_page .u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded .