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Perhaps then man is not such an entegral part of the Earthspirit. “The conditions of Fausts wager and the its resolution in the light of Cantian ethics.” The English Goethe Society New series Vol. Faust must drink the withces potion and embrace the offerings of Mephistopheles, because of the nature of the bets made with mephisto. In the western German interpretation Faust does not require guilt nor does he require remorse for a self realisation, because he is already saved due to the pact made between the Lord and Mephistopheles.
Goethe’s Faust raises constant questions concerning good and evil, causality and predetermination.
Goethe’s Faust is concerned with the “fundamental religious and and philosophical problems which have ever fascinated and tormented mankind, problems such as, the relationship between man and and the powers of good and evil; mans revolt against human limitations; the thirst for knowledge beyond mere information; the puzzeling disparity between the sublimity and misery of human life.” With all of these great attributes Goethe’s Faust emerges as a great German Literary acomplishment which due to its inherent ambiguity has been adopted by every major German social and political movement.
” There are two bets with mephisto: the Lords who stakes Faust’s salvation on the ceaselessness of his striving and Faust’s, who offers his life if he should ever affirm any aspect of human existence.” As a result “Faust may attain salvation because Mephisto lost his bet with the Lord but he must also die, because he lost his bet with Mephisto,”or did he lose his bet with Mephisto when he died, as he would have if he refuses to engage in any activityoffered by Mephisto?
The Weimar production presents the world of Faust as one of cosmic harmony and social harmony.
If Goethe has presented Faust as a pawn in a greater game, surely as in Helenic fashion, the mortal soul is never in jeopardy. Only if Faust behaves without humanity will his soul be lost.
Thus the human condition as presentesd in the world of Goethe’s Faust is amoral.The Dieter Dorn production on the other hand produces Mephistopheles with overwhelming theatrics. Mephistopheles breaches into heaven through the floor of the stage, ripping up the floor boads, spouting venemous red light into the serene blue of Heaven. Mephisto sits at the Lords side slightly below him which indicates a hierarchical structure which is uncharictaristic perhaps of the socialist, pantheon approach to cosmic order. The main element of contradiction in this respect is in the set design. Goethe’s Faust presents us with a competent world view. It presents man in the guise of faust as a social animal whose actions have deeper ramifications on those around him. Faust’s actions are the catalyst that lead to the downfall of his fellow characters, Gretchen, Valenitne, and Gretchens mother.“Goethe’s view of evil as a force extending beyond the individual to the whole of society” is of paramount impotance when considering the alternatinve interpretations of the Weimar and Deiter Dorn Productiuons of Goethe’s Faust.From the outset of the Dieter Dorn production the world of Faust is seen to be one of cosmic and social chaos. It is a world where the people at the city gate treat Faust wihout an ounce of courtesy; they even transform directly into the witches who turn Faust away from his piety and into a creature of the foulest magnitude. But far from bring a fable with a moral, it is a tale of dubious moral character.Due to its ambiguity, the ambiguity with which Faust deals with his actions, and the supernatural influence of mephistopheles, can the actions of Faust be judged as clearly immoral?