Report new developments in the field, and state how your research fills gaps in the existing research.
Focus on the specific problem you are addressing, along with its possible solutions, and outline the limitations of your study.
While it's true that you'll eventually need to tailor your research for your target journal, which will provide specific author guidelines for formatting the paper (see, for example, author guidelines for publications by Elsevier, PLOS ONE, and m Bio), there are some formatting rules that are useful to know for your initial draft.
This article will explore some of the formatting rules that apply to all scientific writing, helping you to follow the correct order of sections (IMRa D), understand the requirements of each section, find resources for standard terminology and units of measurement, and prepare your scientific paper for publication.
FORMATTING TIPS: In this section, you interpret your findings for the reader in relation to previous research and the literature as a whole.
Present your general conclusions, including an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the research and the implications of your findings.The four main elements of a scientific paper can be represented by the acronym IMRa D: introduction, methods, results, and discussion.Other sections, along with a suggested length,* are listed in the table below. Now, let's go through the main sections you might have to prepare to format your paper.That is, if you have too much data to fit in a (relatively) short research paper, move anything that's not essential to this section.FORMATTING TIPS: Aside from the overall format of your paper, there are still other details to watch out for.Here you list citation information for each source you used (i.e., author names, date of publication, title of paper/chapter, title of journal/book, and publisher name and location).The list of references can be in alphabetical order (author–date style of citation) or in the order in which the sources are presented in the paper (numbered citations).Cover Page On the first page of the paper, you must present the title of the paper along with the authors' names, institutional affiliations, and contact information. Bell Below the abstract, include a list of key terms to help other researchers locate your study.The corresponding author(s) (i.e., the one[s] who will be in contact with the reviewers) must be specified, usually with a footnote or an asterisk (*), and their full contact details (e.g., email address and phone number) must be provided. Note that "keywords" is one word (with no space) and is followed by a colon: Keywords: paper format, scientific writing.FORMATTING TIPS: Some journals require a statement attesting that your research is original and that you have no conflicts of interest (i.e., ulterior motives or ways in which you could benefit from the publication of your research).This section only needs to be a sentence or two long.