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The idea behind this amendment is to restrict the government from handing down any excess punishment to any individual (The Library of Congress, 2012).
This ruling overturned all the state laws that awarded capital punishment for child rape.
This ruling also brings up the question of what is the appropriate punishment for what crimes.
Brief History of Death Penalty The first recorded death penalty in the US was in 1608 when Captain George Kendall was executed in Virginia for being a spy for Spain.
Since then, many people were sentenced to death in different colonies and they were punished for many crimes such as murder, adultery, rape, robbery, witchcraft and arson .
During the 1700s, many philosophers and writers began to argue.
When the nation became independent, different states began to have their own laws for death penalty.Another reason why death penalty is inappropriate is the finality of the punishment.There is always the possibility for a wrong ruling and in such a case, nothing can be done out of it.This is why many states had their own laws with respect to death penalty even after several rulings from the Supreme Court.In 1972, or example, the Supreme Court emptied the nation's death rows by declaring all the existing statutes with respect to death penalty as unconstitutional..pass_color_to_child_links a.u-inline.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.web_page .u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . In 2008, for instance, the Supreme Court overruled a ruling by Louisiana court that convicted a father for raping his eight-year old daughter.The Supreme Court ruled that the punishment is not proportional to the nature of the crime.This is evident in the crime statistics that the US has seen in the last few decades.The murder rate has climbed by 122 percent between 19 and the murder rate in New York city alone rose y 400 percent. A study undertaken by MIT showed that based on the 1970 homicide rates, an average American had a higher chance of being murdered than an American soldier who fought in World War II (Koch, 1985).