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Including APA citations and references in your research projects is a very important component of the research process.When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher. If you are unsure what type of source it is see What type of source is this? Usually, some materials will have been created by the lecturer specially for the course. You should avoid using this material directly in your assignments.
Citations, which are called in-text citations, are included when you’re adding information from another individual’s work into your own project.
When you add text word-for-word from another source into your project, or take information from another source and place it in your own words and writing style (known as paraphrasing), you create an in-text citation.
The word plagiarism is derived from the Latin word, , which means “to kidnap.” The term has evolved over the years to now mean the act of taking another individual’s work and using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author.
Plagiarism can be illegal and there can be serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone else’s work. One way it can be prevented is by including citations and references in your research project. Try the Citation Machine citation generator, which is found on our homepage.
Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information.
If you’re looking for MLA format, check out the Citation Machine MLA Guide. This material should be referenced according to its original source type. Some of the material your lecturer provides for you originates outside the course, common types of sources include: books, edited book chapters, journal articles, reports, etc.In order to correctly reference material, you first need to identify the type of source: is it a book, a journal, or something else? If your source type isn't liked below, What type of source is this? Act of Parliament Audio recording Blog Brochure CD Conference poster session Conference proceedings Dictionary entry Dissertation Doctoral dissertation DVD E-book reader book Edited book Email Encyclopædia entry Fact sheet Figure Film Government department materials Grey literature Illustration Image Interview Lecture Master's thesis Online discussion board Online forum Picture Press release Stream book Study guide Symposium proceedings Table Television broadcast Television episode Thesis Video White paper Wikipedia You Tube video .The first six authors are written surname first, followed by a comma and the initials of the author's first name(s). D., Khan, V., Zhang, H., Williams, T., & Garcia, J. D., Khan, V., Zhang, H., Williams, T., Garcia, J., & Sato, Y. D., Khan, V., Zhang, H., Williams, T., Garcia, J., Sato, Y., & Archon, D. D., Khan, V., Zhang, H., Williams, T., Garcia, J., Sato, Y., … If you cannot access the original source (it is out of print, or unavailable through the library), you can cite the secondary source instead. Many academic books and journal articles quote earlier books or articles on the same topic. In the in-text citation both sources are mentioned, with the original source before the quoting source: Your lecturer provides material for you to study as part of your course. Note that only the source you have viewed directly (the quoting source) should appear in the reference list.An APA in-text citation includes only three items: the last name(s) of the author(s), the year the source was published, and sometimes the page or location of the information.References include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the full title of the source, and the URL or page range.