Plato argues that there is a basic flaw in how we humans mistake our limited perceptions as reality, truth and goodness.
The allegory reveals how that flaw affects our education, our spirituality and our politics.
They have been there since their childhood and they can barely move their heads.
Behind them, at the distance, there is a blazing fire, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a wall meant for objects to pass.
This allegory is a fictional dialogue between Socrates and Glaucon, where Socrates compares the issues appearance vs. The writing is organized in a way in which the author tells a story in a sequence of logical events that makes the reader understand better.
It wasn’t really clear for me the way he described the scene metaphorically and it was difficult to visualize the scenario to realize the purpose behind it because of the rarity of it.
The “mind’s eye” sees in the perfect world, a spiritual realm. Perfect reality is described when the prisoner comes into the light and sees the “light of the moon and the stars and the spangled heaven.” These moons and stars make up the real world that only the “mind’s eye” is able to see.
By using the same word, “eye,” to refer to both, Plato is suggesting that there is a connection between the two.
The flaw that Plato speaks about is trusting as real, what one sees - believing absolutely that what one sees is true.
In The Allegory of the Cave, the slaves in the caves know that the shadows, thrown on the wall by the fire behind them, are real. Humans need to use their whole soul to learn, not just use their eyes.