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In addition, post-colonial theory might point out that "...despite Heart of Darkness's (Joseph Conrad) obvious anti-colonist agenda, the novel points to the colonized population as the standard of savagery to which Europeans are contrasted" (Tyson 375).Post-colonial criticism also takes the form of literature composed by authors that critique Euro-centric hegemony.Even though the term included British literature, it was most commonly used for writing in English produced in British colonies.
However, not all migration takes place in a colonial setting, and not all postcolonial literature deals with migration.
A question of current debate is the extent to which postcolonial theory also speaks to migration literature in non-colonial settings.
the practice of securing colonies for economic gain), make it difficult to determine whether a colonizer's physical evacuation guarantees post-colonial status.
Before the term "postcolonial literature" gained currency, "commonwealth literature" was used to refer to writing in English from countries belonging to the British commonwealth.
Seminal post-colonial writers such as Nigerian author Chinua Achebe and Kenyan author Ngugi wa Thiong'o have written a number of stories recounting the suffering of colonized people.
For example, in , Achebe details the strife and devastation that occurred when British colonists began moving inland from the Nigerian coast.
The significance of the prefix "post-" in "postcolonial" is a matter of contention.
It is difficult to determine when colonialism begins and ends, and therefore to agree that "postcolonial" designates an era "after" colonialism has ended.
Other terms used for the writing in English from former British colonies include terms that designate a national corpus of writing such as Australian or Canadian Literature; "English Literature Other than British and American", "New Literatures in English", "International Literature in English"; and "World Literatures".
These have, however, been dismissed either as too vague or too inaccurate to represent the vast body of dynamic writing emerging from the colonies both during and after colonial rule.