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The first sample essay (A) begins with a packed first sentence: the title of the work, author, named characters, and the subject alluded to in the prompt that will form the foundation of the upcoming argument — the strained relationship between father and daughter.
The newly-released 2016 sample AP English Literature and Composition exam questions, sample responses, and grading rubrics provide a valuable opportunity to analyze how to achieve high scores on each of the three Section II FRQ responses.
However, for purposes of this examination, the Prose Analysis FRQ strategies will be the focus.
Finally, the student wastes time and space in the first two sentences with a vague platitude for an “ice breaker” to start the essay. The third sample lacks cohesiveness, focus, and a clear thesis statement.
The first paragraph introduces the writer’s feelings about the characters and how the elements in the story helped the student analyze, both irrelevant to the call of the instructions.
The prose selection for analysis in last year’s exam was Thomas Hardy’s For a clear understanding of the components of a model essay, you’ll find it helpful to analyze and compare all three sample answers provided by the College Board: the high scoring (A) essay, the mid-range scoring (B) essay, and the low scoring (C) essay.
All three provide a lesson for you: to achieve a nine on the prose analysis essay, model the ‘A’ essay’s strengths and avoid the weaknesses of the other two.These and other details in the thorough first body paragraph leave nothing for the reader to misunderstand.The essayist proves the paragraph’s main idea with numerous examples.You know the exam is going to be tough, so how do prepare for success?To do well on the AP English Literature and Composition exam, you’ll need to score high on the essays.You must write a brief introduction that includes the thesis statement, followed by body paragraphs that further the thesis statement with detailed, thorough support, and a short concluding paragraph that reiterates and reinforces the thesis statement without repeating it.Clear organization, specific support, and full explanations or discussions are three critical components of high-scoring essays.By packing each sentence efficiently with details (“uncultivated”, “hypocritical”) on the way to the thesis statement, the writer controls the argument by folding in only the relevant details that support the claim at the end of the introduction: though reunited physically, father and daughter remain separated emotionally.The writer wastes no words and quickly directs the reader’s focus to the characters’ words and actions that define their estranged relationship.The writer merely parrots the prompt instructions about “complex relationship” and “speaker’s tone, word choice, and selection of detail”. Use specific details from the passage that support a logical thesis statement which clearly directs the argument and addresses the instructions’ requirements. Pack your introduction with specific excerpt details, and don’t waste time on sentences that don’t do the work ahead for you.Be sure the thesis statement covers all of the relevant facts of the passage for a cohesive argument.