Risk factors that increase the risk of spondylolysis developing into spondylolisthesis include: The presentation of spondylolisthesis varies slightly by type although common symptoms include exercise-related back pain, radiating to the lower thighs, which tends to be eased by rest, particularly in positions of spinal flexion.
Isthmic spondylolisthesis The goal of treatment is to relieve pain, stabilise the spinal segment and stop or reverse the slippage.
Abrasion Special endoscopic treatment - freshening the bony end plate of a painful disc Anulus fibrosus The anulus fibrosus ist is the cartilage ring around the disc, which encloses the nucleus pulposus, the jellylike core of the disc. in cases of suspected infection Cage The Cage (Cage) is a stable implant. of metal (titanium), PEEK, and very rarely only of carbon.
Black Disk The Signal loss an MRI (T2 sequence) due to the dehydration of a pathological disc generates the image of a dark disc and is often correlated with the clinical symptom of back pain BSG Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. It acts as a disc replacement and is used to maintain the natural disc height and stabilize the spine.
Disc protrusion The cartilage ring of the disc (anulus fibrosus) protrudes, but it does not tear like in case of a disc prolapse.
Endoscopic surgery Minimally invasive percutaneous surgical technique to treat herniations at every level of lumbar spine Epidural Anatomical space between bone and dura in the spinal canal Facet joint Facet joints are small articulations between adjacent vertebrae, the osseous elements of spine.They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines.You may find the Cervical Spondylosis article more useful, or one of our other health articles.The natura) spongy cavities are filled with cement (see also kyphoplasty).Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use.Segment Is composed of two vertebrae and an intervertebral disc (motion segment) Sequester A sequester is herniated disc tissue (nucleus pulposus) that has protruded into the spinal canal or the fora men.Slipped disc See disc prolapse Spacer A spacer is a metal implant that is implanted to remove symptoms arising from spinal stenosis.The vertebral body is dilated with a balloon and filled with cement (see also vertebroplasty). Microtherapy is CT- or X-ray-guided and, therefore, can be supervised very accurately.Minimally invasive Treatments and surgery are minimally invasive if they cause sparsely damage and, therefore, only merely strain human body.Nucleus pulposus The inner jelly-like core of a disc, surrounded by a cartilage ring (anulus fibrosus) Osteoporosis Loss of bone substance and structure, which often occurs age-related and mainly in woman or after longlasting steroid therapy.Paresis Loss of funtion of extremities or other nerve and muscular functions Percutaneous In surgery pecutaneous implies that operations are practiced without larger incisions, e.g., through small tubes (see endoscopic surgery) that were previously installed.