Over three-quarters of these cases involved 17-year-old offenders, and two-thirds of them were offenders of color. Over two-thirds of the victims were white, and half were females. Using this state constitutional approach, the Washington Supreme Court set the minimum age at 18 (, 536 U. 304 (2002), the United States Supreme Court held that the United States Constitution prohibits the death penalty for mentally retarded offenders, based upon reasoning closely analogous to juvenile offenders. These four Justices not only wanted to revisit the juvenile death penalty issue but were ready to declare it unconstitutional and to “put an end to this shameful practice.” On Dec. 2003), the Supreme Court of Missouri interpreted current national data to hold that the death penalty for juvenile offenders violates the United States Constitution’s prohibition against Cruel and Unusual Punishment, but it did not reach the issue under the Missouri State Constitution. Imposing the death penalty on offenders who were younger than age 18 at the time of the murder for which they were charged is directly prohibited by international human rights law as expressed in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the U. Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the American Convention on Human Rights.
But the law does require states to limit those detention stays to seven days.
And now courts will be required to issue a written order for any VCO-related detention, including the factual basis for determining a violation of it and facts to support the need for detention.
Once the incentive grants have been around for five years, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) will have two years to complete a study on its impact.
This gives Scott a foothold to produce a proof of concept for the PROMISE Act structure, perhaps leading to a renewed push at more investment if the GAO report is favorable.