Short Essay On Poverty In South Africa

Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health. Poor health, in turn, traps communities in poverty.Infectious and neglected tropical diseases kill and weaken millions of the poorest and most vulnerable people each year.In the latest report from the Presidency's Monitoring and Evaluation Department (DPME) notes that when the democratic government took office it inherited a legacy of poverty and an unequitable distribution of income.

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However, efforts to tackle them have usually taken a back seat to the bigger killers.

The biggest non-communicable killers are maternal and newborn deaths and deaths related to poor nutrition, cardiovascular disease and non-communicable respiratory diseases.

Structurally, the paper seeks to achieve four objectives in four sections.

The first seeks to expand on the development challenge of poverty, inequality, and unemployment as noted above.

It is widely accepted that the key reason for the increase in life expectancy in wealthy countries in the late 19th and early 20th century was less to do with the leaps forward in medical science, and more to do with the arrival of better nutrition, clean water and sanitation.

Reducing poverty, improving nutrition and making sure people have access to safe water and sanitation, as well as strengthening national health systems, is of the utmost importance.Reducing the spread and treating HIV, TB, malaria, and other diseases is also one of the Millennium Development Goals.However, as well as tackling specific diseases, it is crucial that leaders also address the underlying causes.Given the degree to which Apartheid policies were entrenched, the process of reversing them is at best an incomplete one.Although overall GDP per capita income has risen since 1994, inequality has not followed the same trajectory.Poverty and poor health worldwide are inextricably linked.The causes of poor health for millions globally are rooted in political, social and economic injustices.The second objective is to establish a link between the structure of South Africa's economy and the development challenges noted.Thirdly, South Africa's economy and labour market specifically throws up a range of complex risk patterns which are identified and discussed.When using the Gini-coefficient measure, inequality increased from 0.64 in 1995 to 0.69 in 2005, although it did improve to 0.65 in 2010/11 (DPME 2014).The government has responded to the plight of those in the bottom 10 percent of the income distribution pyramid through a social grants system.

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