Overpopulation leads to a diminished quality of life as it burdens resources such as medical care, education, proper sewage treatment and waste disposal.
The rapid increase in human population over the course of the 20th century has raised concerns about the Earth’s ability to sustain a large number of inhabitants.
The Roman Catholic Church has opposed abortion, sterilization, and contraception as a general practice, but specifically in regard to population control policies.
Pope Benedict XVI has stated that “The extermination of millions of unborn children, in the name of the fight against poverty, actually constitutes the destruction of the poorest of all human beings”.
However, in the real world the answer is never really simple or definite.
One must always consider the political, social and economic consequences of population control.Rockefeller, Frederick Osborn (1952), and Isaac Asimov.In the past, there have also been opposition to population control policies.China and India will make good case studies as they are the two most populated countries in the world.In India, the human population has hit almost a billion.The idea that population control is needed to be implemented in society dates back to 1798, when Thomas Malthus suggested it in his Essay on the Principle of Population.In 1968, Paul Ehrlich noted in The Population Bomb that, “We must cut the cancer of population growth,” and that, “if this was not done, there would be only one other solution, namely the ‘death rate solution’ in which we raise the death rate through war-famine-pestilence etc.” In the same year, Garrett Hardin, proposed in his landmark essay The Tragedy of the Commons that society must relinquish the “freedom to breed” through “mutual coercion, mutually agreed upon.” Some other stalwarts who advocated population control in the past were Bertrand Russell, John D.Historically, this has been made possible by limiting the birth rate, usually by government mandate.It-) has been undertaken as a response to factors including high or increasing levels of poverty, environmental concerns, religious reasons, and overpopulation.Recently, I saw a documentary which featured the problems of overpopulation in The Third World countries.After watching the programme, I realise that it is everybody's essential responsibility to confront and address the problems of an expanding world population.