Sports Research Paper

From an academic perspective, there are now multiple scientific journals and international conferences dedicated solely to the dissemination of nutrition-related research, whilst applied sport nutrition research studies continue to be published in mainstream and high-impact physiology journals [].

From an applied perspective, it is also common practice for sport governing bodies, national institutes, professional sports and Olympic/Paralympic sports to now employ sport nutritionists or dieticians on a full-time or part-time basis.

Sample size commensurate with previous research in the area but no sample size calculations provided No inclusion of familiarisation trial or citation of reliability data and measurement tool error.

Exercise protocol not representative of the relevant exercise modality nor valid to real-world context Inclusion of familiarisation trial but no citation of reliability data or measurement tool error.

With this in mind, the aim of the present paper was to provide an operational framework for applied sport nutrition practitioners to critically evaluate the translational potential of research to their chosen sporting arena.

Using the “Paper-2-Podium (P-2-P) Matrix” (see Table ), we provide a checklist of nine criteria with which to evaluate the translational potential of research studies.

To this end, we present an operational framework (the “Paper-2-Podium Matrix”) that provides a checklist of criteria for which to prompt the critical evaluation of performance nutrition-related research papers.

In considering the (1) research context, (2) participant characteristics, (3) research design, (4) dietary and exercise controls, (5) validity and reliability of exercise performance tests, (6) data analytics, (7) feasibility of application, (8) risk/reward and (9) timing of the intervention, we aimed to provide a time-efficient framework to aid practitioners in their scientific appraisal of research.

If our field is to continue to grow and truly improve performance, it is our view that step one in the translation of research to practice should always be a well-structured critique of the available scientific evidence, coupled with a decision framework that assesses the potential for application of the scientific evidence in the real-world [].

To this end, the modern-day sport nutritionist requires expertise in biochemistry, physiology, nutrition and psychology—the latter required to ultimately motivate athletes to change their behaviour.


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