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One of the most famous examples of analogy can be found in the now classic film Forrest Gump when Forrest states, “Mama always said life was like a box of chocolates.
Authors typically use allegory to teach a lesson of some sort.
Lord of the Flies, for example, is filled to the brim with allegory.
A great example in popular culture is found in Martin Luther King, Jr.’s I Have a Dream speech.
The second sentence of the speech is, “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation.”Not only did King speak about Abraham Lincoln, but he also alluded to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, which began with “Four score and seven years ago…”Archetypes are themes, characters, or situations that authors have used throughout the history of storytelling. Luke, representing the light (good) side of the force, goes against Darth Vader, the dark (evil) side of the force.
Other times, it’s when antagonists choose between their pride and getting the results they have been working toward the whole story.
Going back to Harry Potter, the main conflict was Harry’s (and the wizarding world’s) fight against Voldemort.I’m here to explain a few of these literary terms and give you some examples of how they’re used in some of the stories you may already be familiar with.An allegory is when an author uses characters or events that represent larger, more abstract ideas.When done too often in a story, analogies can get old fast.However, when done well, they can describe a character’s smile or the emptiness of a room very well.Symbolism is when the author attributes a value or idea to an object that is different from its literal value or use.Disney movies tend to have a lot of symbolism in them.A simile is an analogy that compares objects, people, characteristics, or events using words such as “like” or “as” (instead of the direct kind of comparison you would see in a metaphor).A humorous example of a simile comes from Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol when Dickens writes,“Old Marley was as dead as a doornail.”It’s especially funny because Dickens goes on to describe how it’s not really a great comparison since doornails aren’t exactly dead, but how “the wisdom of our ancestors is in the simile,” and therefore, he’ll use it.External conflicts involve characters’ struggles with outside forces—in many instances, another character.However, the external forces could also be an event like a war.