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Participants in the control group made no dietary changes and didn't partake in weekly support group sessions.
HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels both increased more in the vegan groups than in the control. Hemoglobin A1C levels dropped by 0.7% in the vegan group, compared to 0.1% in the control group., 2005.
Details: 64 overweight, post-menopausal women were recruited.
Details: 291 participants were recruited from 10 GEICO corporate offices.
Each office was paired with another, and employees from each paired site were randomized to either a low-fat vegan diet or a control diet for 18 weeks.
At the end of the study, children following the vegan diet had significantly lower BMIs than those following the AHA diet.
Parents in the vegan groups had 0.16% lower hemoglobin A1C levels, which are used as a measure of blood sugar control, as well as lower total and LDL cholesterol levels than those on the AHA diet.
Children and parents following the vegan diet consumed less protein, cholesterol, saturated fat, vitamin D and vitamin B12, and they consumed more carbs and fiber than those in the AHA group.
Children following the vegan diet lost 6.7 lbs (3.1 kg) over the four-week study period, which was 197% more than those in the AHA group.
Details: This meta-analysis of 11 randomized controlled studies included 832 participants.
The studies lasted from three weeks to 18 months and evaluated changes in participants' total, LDL, HDL, non-HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels.